It is well recognised that adequate sanitation facilities plays an important part in the health and wellbeing of the local community. In 2011 a house survey in Madina showed a good level of understanding of hygiene, hand washing, and the role of good toilet facilities. There were very few householders using the ‘bush’. The majority had some form of shared toilet facility. These were mostly shallow simple pits which were surrounded by palm leaves for privacy. There was no cover.
Every one of those interviewed desired a better toilet facility in order to give them more privacy and to reduce the smell.
It was as a result of the above survey (which was conducted by HelpMadina) that a pilot programme of building 3 V.I.P. (Ventilation Improved Pit) toilets was implemented.
HelpMadina has provided the materials for the toilets whilst the digging of the pits is undertaken by the local community. The cost for each toilet should be less than £40 and should last 15-20 years.
The pilot programme lasted for 8 months through both the wet and dry season. The success of the latrine has enabled HelpMadina to commission the construction and installation of a further 10 units. This number will be increased as funds allow and if a demand is created.
In addition to the latrine, there will be a simple hand washing facility that will also be provided adjacent to the latrine.
The importance of good hygiene methods to prevent communicable diseases will be reinforced by a health promotion talk being given by the Madina Health clinic nurse to all the householders.
The latrines will be installed in partnership with the local community and supervised by the town council.
For more information on V.I.P latrines go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pit_toilet